An academic report has argued that active modes of transport provide a better answer to problems around climate change and congestion then low emissions and electric cars – whilst promoting healthier lifestyles.
‘Shifting the focus: energy demand in a net-zero carbon UK’, was published by the Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions (CREDS) – an organisation made up of more than 80 academics across the UK.
The government funded report looks at key changes in energy demand which could help reduce carbon emissions and energy use in the UK.
Using the Government’s Clean Growth Strategy as a starting point, the 108 page document highlights potential shortcomings in policy and seeks alternative solutions.
In the transport focused chapter, penned by Jillian Anable, Chair in Transport and Energy at the University of Leeds, and Phil Goodwin, Associate Professor in Earth System Dynamics at the University of Southampton, the writers explore the current planned measures and offer up alternatives.
The writers note that at present, cars, vans, HGVs and buses make up 96 per cent of on-road emissions, 98 per cent of that depends on fossil fuels and that energy use from transport has increased by 16 per cent since 1990.
Ultra Low Emissions Vehicles (ULEVs) and electric cars have been seen as the saviour of the situation by many. A 2018 Department for Transport (DfT) report aims to see 50 to 70 per cent of new cars be ULEVs by 2035.
However, the CREDS report questions the focus in this area, arguing that the approach could “put upward pressure on traffic growth by lowering the costs of motoring.”
It adds that: “‘Clean’ growth involves more than attending to the carbon implications; it means considering the combined effects of continued car dependency” – including inactive lifestyles and congestion.
The report states that current plans are made around projected increase in demand for car travel.
However, stats show a dramatic drop in car driven miles per head for those aged 17-59, with only the 60 plus group increasing its car use, particularly in cities where people are more likely to hire a car occasionally than own one.
“It is only an aging cohort of people, now over 60, that has contributed to traffic growth, whereas successive cohorts of younger people have shown a reduction in driving licence-holding, car ownership, and car use,” the report states.
Among other recommendations, the writers call for support that will accelerate the shift from car dependency to low energy methods of travel – walking and cycling (including e-bikes and e-scooters) – as well as public transport.
They recommend “investment programmes on both capital and revenue spending, priority use of road space, and… encouraging behavioural change.”
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